As such, Parramatta is the second oldest city in Australia, being only 10 months younger than Sydney.
The British Colonists, who had arrived in January 1788 on the First Fleet at Sydney Cove, had only enough food to support themselves for a short time and the soil around Sydney Cove proved too poor to grow the amount of food that 1,000 convicts, soldiers and administrators needed to survive.
In 1803, another famous incident occurred in Parramatta, involving a convicted criminal named Joseph Samuel, originally from England.
Samuel was convicted of murder and sentenced to death by hanging, but the rope broke.
Parramatta is also the major transport hub for Western Sydney, servicing trains and buses, as well as having a ferry wharf and a future light rail service.